what causes the av valves to close

When the ventricles relax, atrial pressure exceeds ventricular pressure, the AV valves are pushed open and Page 2 blood flows into the ventricles. However, when the ventricles contract, ventricular pressure exceeds atrial pressure causing the AV valves to snap shut.

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What causes the closing of the atrioventricular valve?

The ventricles contract due to the ventricular depolarization and the pressure inside the ventricles rapidly increases. Immediately after a ventricular contraction begins, the pressure in the ventricles exceeds the pressure in the atria and thus the atrioventricular valves shut.

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What causes the AV valves to close quizlet?

When do the AV valves close? The AV valves close when ventricular pressure is greater than arterial pressure. This prevents back flow into the atria while the ventricles contract.

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What happens when AV valves close?

This tension on the AV valve leaflets prevents them from bulging back into the atria and becoming incompetent (i.e., “leaky”). Closure of the AV valves results in the first heart sound (S1). This sound is normally split (~0.04 sec) because mitral valve closure precedes tricuspid closure.

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What is happening in the heart when the AV valves are closed?

AV valves close at end of ventricular diastole; blood flow stops; ventricles begin to contract. ventricles contract (ventricular systole); blood flows from the heart—to the lungs and to rest of body during ventricular ejection.

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What happens when the AV closes?

The AV valves opening allowing blood to flow into the ventricles. semilunar valves close during this same period as blood flowing toward the ventricles collects in the pockets of the cusps. Closure of the semilunar valves prevents blood from re-entering the ventricles while they are relaxing.

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When the AV valves close what sound is heard?

The first sound, a low-pitched, slightly prolonged “lub,” occurs when the atrioventricular valves close as the ventricles of the heart begin to contract. After a brief pause, this sound is followed by a sharper, higher-pitched “dup,” produced by closure of the aortic and pulmonary valves.

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What happens when AV valves contract?

After the atria fill with blood, the mitral and tricuspid valves open to allow the blood to flow from the atria into the ventricles. When the ventricles contract, the mitral and tricuspid valves close while the blood is pumped outward through the pulmonary and aortic valves to the lungs and body.

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