physical and chemical properties of the oceans

Ocean water has a high salinity, which is the amount of salt dissolved in water. Besides the high concentration of sodium chloride, ocean water also contains chemicals, such as magnesium, sulfate, calcium, and potassium, as well as dissolved gases, including nitrogen, oxygen, and carbon dioxide.

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What are the physical and chemical properties of ocean water?

Seawater is a complex mixture of 96.5 percent water, 2.5 percent salts, and smaller amounts of other substances, including dissolved inorganic and organic materials, particulates, and a few atmospheric gases. Seawater constitutes a rich source of various commercially important chemical elements.

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What are the physical properties of the ocean?

The physical properties of seawater–temperature, salinity, pressure, density, and related quantities such as potential density, heat capacity, sound speed, and others–are of fundamental importance to physical oceanography.

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What are the chemical properties ocean water?

Element Percent by mass
Oxygen 85.84
Hydrogen 10.82
Chlorine 1.94
Sodium 1.08

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What are the two physical properties of ocean water?

The physical properties of seawater include both ‘thermodynamic properties’ like density and freezing point, as well as ‘transport properties’ like the electrical conductivity and viscosity.

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What are some of the chemical properties of salt water?

Seawater has unique properties: it is saline, its freezing point is slightly lower than fresh water, its density is slightly higher, its electrical conductivity is much higher, and it is slightly basic.

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What are the physical properties of ocean water?

The physical properties of seawater include both ‘thermodynamic properties’ like density and freezing point, as well as ‘transport properties’ like the electrical conductivity and viscosity.

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What is the most common chemical within ocean water?

The two ions that are present most often in seawater are chloride and sodium. These two make up over 90% of all dissolved ions in seawater. The concentration of salt in seawater (its salinity) is about 35 parts per thousand; in other words, about 3.5% of the weight of seawater comes from the dissolved salts.

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What chemicals are in the ocean?

Chemical pollution Common man-made pollutants that reach the ocean include pesticides, herbicides, fertilizers, detergents, oil, industrial chemicals, and sewage. Many ocean pollutants are released into the environment far upstream from coastlines.

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What are the chemical properties ocean water?

Chemical and physical properties of seawater The six most abundant ions of seawater are chloride (Cl−), sodium (Na+), sulfate (SO24−), magnesium (Mg2+), calcium (Ca2+), and potassium (K+). By weight these ions make up about 99 percent of all sea salts.

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What are the physical properties of ocean water?

The physical properties of seawater include both ‘thermodynamic properties’ like density and freezing point, as well as ‘transport properties’ like the electrical conductivity and viscosity.

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What are 3 physical characteristics of oceans?

Physical properties of the oceans1.1 Temperature.1.2 Density.1.3 Salinity.1.4 Chemistry.

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What are the chemical and physical factors of marine environment?

These include light availability, oxygen levels, water movement, salinity, density and pH. These conditions often vary from habitat to habitat and will either support or limit the life processes of the marine organisms living there.

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What are the physical and chemical properties of ocean water?

Seawater is a complex mixture of 96.5 percent water, 2.5 percent salts, and smaller amounts of other substances, including dissolved inorganic and organic materials, particulates, and a few atmospheric gases. Seawater constitutes a rich source of various commercially important chemical elements.

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What are 3 physical characteristics of oceans?

Physical properties of the oceans1.1 Temperature.1.2 Density.1.3 Salinity.1.4 Chemistry.

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What are the basic properties of sea water?

Properties of sea waterHigh density and specific gravity.Depression in freezing point.Elevated boiling point.Higher osmotic pressure.Good conductor of electricity.

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What is the physical characteristic of ocean?

An ocean is a body of saline water that composes much of a planets hydrosphere. Salinity is a main defining component of the ocean, and it is the amount of dissolved solid material in the water. Although there are many dissolved salts in seawater, sodium chloride (commonly known as salt) is the most abundant.

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What are the 4 physical properties of ocean water?

Physical properties of the oceans1.1 Temperature.1.2 Density.1.3 Salinity.1.4 Chemistry.

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What is a physical property of the ocean?

The physical properties of seawater–temperature, salinity, pressure, density, and related quantities such as potential density, heat capacity, sound speed, and others–are of fundamental importance to physical oceanography.

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What are the physical and chemical properties of oceans?

Ocean water has a high salinity, which is the amount of salt dissolved in water. Besides the high concentration of sodium chloride, ocean water also contains chemicals, such as magnesium, sulfate, calcium, and potassium, as well as dissolved gases, including nitrogen, oxygen, and carbon dioxide.

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What are six properties of ocean water?

Seawater properties are different from pure water seawater has the following properities.High density and specific gravity.Depression in freezing point.Elevated boiling point.Higher osmotic pressure.Good conductor of electricity.

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